In this article, you are going to get some Tips to maintain Healthy Lawn. The lawn is the area of soil covered land covered with grasses and other plants at a lower height – primarily built for aesthetic and recreational purpose. Lawns are built for houses, apartments, parks, office buildings, and other commercial buildings, etc. Often Lawn is referred to as ‘managed green space’ which has become an important aspect to bridge between the natural environments and constructed urban and suburban spaces.
Tips to maintain Healthy Lawn
Most of the lawns are grown with grass species and they are subjected to weed and pest attacks. Hence, it becomes very crucial to maintain the lawns with proper care so that they are not attacked by pests and weeds, and also to keep green all the time.
How to maintain a healthy lawn?
A green healthy lawn requires careful watering, timely mowing, and fertilization along with annual de-thatching and aerating. With this, the lawns will be healthy enough to resist against diseases, pest attack, weeds, and drought on its own. Below are the tips to be followed to maintain a healthy lawn
1. Preparing the area for planting
One needs to remove old grass and weeds using a grape hoe before seeding the grass. It is advisable to perform a soil test and improve the soil quality based on the result. Before sowing the seeds, need to water the area and let it go for a week at least.
2. Choose Grass for lawns that are Locally Adapted
Based on the climate the types of Grasses vary. Also, the nutrients and quantity of water they require, the temperature they can withstand, sunshade tolerance, etc. vary from grass to grass. The lawn owners should inquire about the kind of grass that withstand these conditions before sowing the seeds.
3. Aerate the soil
Aeration of soil helps re-create the important spaces by removing plugs of soil that are finger-sized throughout the lawn. It’s best to aerate the lawn before top dressing and fertilizing the soil. The lawn will benefit from annual aeration if the soil is clayey or compacted. Half of the healthy soil should be with pore space that allows the required nutrients, air, and circulation of water. If the soil particles are more compressed, there won’t be enough spaces and plants won’t get the nutrients they require.
4. Moderately Mow Often
When the lawn gets a marine cut, the soil dries out faster, it’s surface roots become exposed, and surface aeration is reduced. One should not cut off more than 1/3rd of the grass whenever you cut. You need to keep most of the turfgrass species between 2.5 and 3.5 inches tall & that lets them healthiest. When the lawn stops growing for the season, it should be cut short to 2 inches.
5. Deep but not often Watering required
The best time for watering the lawns is early morning as less water will be lost to evaporation. The lawn should get dry out before re-watering. When watering, putting a cup in the sprinkler zone ensures that the water gets at least one inch inside. Most of the healthy lawns require only 1 inch of water per week.
6. Overseeding the Lawn
Before seeding the lawns, they should be prepared by mowing the grass very low. Next grass clippings and other plant matter should be rake away to let the seed contact the soil. If possible, aeration is required before overseeding. Next, the seeding rate instructions should be followed given on the seed mix package as these will change by type. After sowing, the seeds should be kept moist for the purpose of germination. Once the seeds have sprouted, normal watering schedules to be followed. Overseeded area needs to be mowed until the grass has grown to at least 1 inch in height.
Overseeding is the process of adding additional grass seeds to an existing lawn so that the grass gets filled in thin or patchy areas. In cooler climates, overseeding should be done when the soil is warm enough for the type of seed you’ve selected.
7. Regular Inspection for Pests
It’s a common problem that Pests affect the lawn and makes it unhealthy. So you need to regularly check the areas that look damaged. In addition to applying the organic pesticides, there is another effective way to target the pests, that is, Milky Spore. Types of pests vary from region to region, so for guidance, it’s better to consult with the local extension service.
Tips for Growing a Green Lawn
Below tips need to be followed for growing a green lawn:
Water but deeply
Having deep roots keep your lawn healthy and green. We should promote root growth by watering heavily, and then letting the top two inches of soil dry out before watering regularly. The exact amount of watering required per week depends on the grass variety and weather. It is advisable that in a growing season, one needs to water for 1–1.5 inches per week, increasing that to 2 inches during hot, dry weather. Watering in the late evening or early morning should be done to reduce water loss from evaporation. Using the sprinklers for 20 minutes, and then measure the depth of water in the container put over lawn helps know how much watering is done on a daily basis.
Let your lawn grow dormant
Many grass species help themselves survive hot, dry summers by going dormant. The leaves turn brown and pale, but the undergrounds roots stay alive for months. If the lawn wilts and turns brown, letting it go dormant can be healthier than repeatedly watering it. Most of the dormant grass does not require watering. If the soil is extremely dry in hot weather, one should give the lawn watering of half an inch for every 2-4 weeks.
Mowing at the highest setting
Cutting grass to a certain tall height is important for lawn health, during the summer heat. Having taller grass would shade the ground, which will block weed sprouts and promotes beneficial microbes. In addition, leaving the grass tall allows the lawn to focus on root growth, which adds disease resistance. One should not mow within a week of planting new grass. Otherwise, the grass will not have enough time to grow into deep roots and can get pulled up by the mower.
Choosing the right fertilizer
The three numbers provided on the fertilizer bag tells the percentage of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium content in the fertilizer. Nitrogen is the most important for lawn growth and greenery and should have a higher content than the other two. Ideally, choosing a mixture of 30–50% slow-release fertilizer and 70–50% fast release fertilizer would help the lawn grow quicker and with green lush. This will slowly add more nutrients over the next few weeks. Always, choosing organic fertilizers are better than synthetic fertilizers, as they improve soil health as well.
Aeration of the Lawn
Having annual de-thatching and aeration is very important for the health of the lawn. Removing plugs of soil using a lawn aerator once in a year is advisable. Removing these plugs to a depth of 3 inches and passing over the lawn until there are about 8 plugs per square foot should be done. Doing this will fight soil compaction, disease, and thatch buildup.
Green lawns need regular watering, caring through dethatching, and removal of weeds on a regular basis, inspecting the roots so that the lawns are maintained well with health and green lushes. One needs to follow the tips and care on a regular basis to maintain the green lawn to be healthy. For more such useful information, keep visiting our Lawn Mowers portal.